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Help others by sharing new links and reporting broken links. Council Bluffs Marriage Records provide information about marriage licenses, certificates, and registries in Council Bluffs, Iowa.
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Official Marriage Records provide information about whether a marriage is legally valid, the names of both parties to the marriage, and when the wedding took place. Marriage Records are required for certain legal processes, including name changes or applying for spousal benefits. In Council Bluffs, couples must apply for a marriage license from the Iowa state authorities in order to get married. The marriage license includes information about the couple, such as names, dates of birth, disclosures of prior marriages, and the wedding location.
In addition to marriage licenses, public marriage records include marriage certificates, which certify a legal marriage recorded by IA state. After a wedding, couples submit the marriage license form to the Iowa Office that issues marriage certificates.
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A marriage certificate acts as legal proof of the marriage. A certified marriage certificate proves the marriage is valid, and it may be required to apply for insurance on a spouse's plan, change legal names, or receive other spousal benefits. Imagine a great number of cabins and tents, made of the bark of trees, buffalo skins, coarse cloth, rushes and sods , all of a mournful and funeral aspect, of all sizes and shapes, some supported by one pole, others having six, and with the covering stretched in all the different styles imaginable, and all scattered here and there in the greatest confusion, and you will have an Indian village.
As more Native Americans were pushed into the Council Bluffs area by pressure of European-American settlement to the east, intertribal conflict increased, fueled by the illegal whiskey trade. However that fort was destroyed in a flood the same year. By the Pottawatomi were forced to move again to a new reservation at Osawatomie, Kansas. Beginning in , there was a large influx of Latter-day Saints into the area, although in the winter of — most Latter-day Saints crossed to the Nebraska side of the Missouri River.
Initially, the area was called "Miller's Hollow", after Henry W. Miller , who would be the first member of the Iowa State Legislature from the area. Miller also was the foreman for the construction of the Kanesville Tabernacle. By , the town had become known as Kanesville, named for benefactor Thomas L.
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Kane , who had helped negotiate in Washington, DC federal permission for the Mormons to use Indian land along the Missouri for their winter encampment of — Built at or next to Caldwell's Camp, Kanesville became the main outfitting point for the Mormon Exodus to Utah , and it is the recognized head end of the Mormon Trail. Edwin Carter , who would become a noted naturalist in Colorado , worked here from — in a dry goods store.
He helped supply Mormon wagon trains. Settlers departing west from Kanesville, into the sparsely settled, unorganized parts of the Territory of Missouri to the Oregon Country and the newly conquered California Territory , through the eventual Nebraska Territory , traveled by wagon trains along the much-storied Oregon , Mormon , or California Trails into the newly expanded United States western lands. After the first large organized wagon trains left Missouri in , the annual migration waves began in earnest by spring of They built up, thereafter, with the opening of the Mormon Trail until peaking in the later s, when news of railroad's progress had a braking effect.
By the s, virtually all migration wagon trains were passing near the renamed town. The wagon train trails became less important with the advent of the first complete transcontinental railway in , but while trail use diminished after that, their use continued on at lesser rates until late in the nineteenth century.
This was where plural marriage first began to be openly practiced. The community was transformed by the California Gold Rush , and the majority of Mormons left for Utah by In , the town was renamed Council Bluffs. It continued as a major outfitting point on the Missouri River for the Emigrant Trail and Pike's Peak Gold Rush , and entertained a lively steamboat trade.
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In an anonymous soldier on his way to fight the Dakota Uprising passed through Council Bluffs and described a hardscrabble town:. At Council Bluffs our arrival was greeted by a few rounds from the old six pounder, while the streets were lined with a curiosity-seeking class of humanity, among which could easily be traced the physiognomy of bipeds of almost every clime—all here to make money. When you understand that this is the great entrepot for emigration across the Plains, you will readily comprehend that this is a good point at which to "take stranger in," and it is done almost every day.
Our stay at Council Bluffs was very short two days and I think no one was sorry to leave it.
Council Bluffs rather than Omaha was designated by Abraham Lincoln as the official starting point of the transcontinental railroad which was completed in The official "Mile 0" start is at 21st Street and 9th Avenue which is now marked by a gold spike that was used for the promotion of the movie Union Pacific  Council Bluffs physical connection to the Transcontinental Railroad was delayed until when the Union Pacific Missouri River Bridge opened railroad cars had to be ferried across the Missouri River from Council Bluffs to Omaha in the early days of the Transcontinental.
The Chicago and North Western Railway arrived Paul and Pacific Railroad. Carter Lake had been cut off by a change in the course of the Missouri River. By the s, Council Bluffs had grown into the country's fifth largest rail center. The railroads helped the city become a center for grain storage, and massive grain elevators continue to mark the city's skyline. During the s, Meyer Lansky operated a greyhound racing track in Council Bluffs. Restructuring of the railroad industry caused the loss of many jobs after the midth century, as did the restructuring of heavy industry.
Many jobs moved offshore. By the late 20th century the city and region were suffering economic stagnation and a declining population, as they struggled to develop a new economy. Downtown urban renewal was undertaken to create a new future while emphasizing the strengths of heritage. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Council Bluffs covers a unique topographic region originally composed of prairie and savanna in the Loess Hills with extensive wetlands and deciduous forest along the Missouri River.
Lake Manawa State Park is located at the southern edge of the city.
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As of the census  of , there were 62, people, 24, households, and 15, families residing in the city. The population density was 1, There were 26, housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.
There were 24, households of which The average household size was 2. The median age in the city was The gender makeup of the city was As of the census  of , there were 58, people, 22, households, and 15, families residing in the city. There were 24, housing units at an average density of Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.
There were 22, households out of which Age spread: The median age was 35 years. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were About 8. Bayliss through the completion of the Chicago and Northwestern. In , the Illinois Central passenger depot opened at 12th St.
The area declined as the city's primary retail center after the completion of the Broadway Viaduct, s urban renewal, and the opening of the Kanesville Boulevard U. Route 6 bypass. Today this area encompasses Billy Caldwell 's settlement of Potawatomi on Indian Creek during the s and Kanesville established by the Mormons as Miller's Hollow in Smith , and Ezra T. The West End is a geographically large area on the flood plain east of the Missouri River and downtown Omaha , Nebraska, west of 10th St.
These neighborhoods of long, tree-shaded avenues are divided by the commercial corridor of West Broadway U.